Start journaling your heart out today. Have your very own Journaling Kit™ shipped to your doorstep...FREE!

Home
Articles
Columns
E-books
ewritersplace.com Workshops
Free Course
Support Us
Founded April 2000. A Writer's Digest Magazine 101 best Web sites for writers (2001 & 2003)
Book
The Artist's Way: A Spiritual Path to Higher Creativity by Julia Cameron
Product
Free 7-Part Screenwriting Course
Market
ComputerUser
HELP FOR WRITERS

Buy a novel by Lucille Bellucci at Amazon.com and receive these .pdf bonuses:

  • 17 Ways to Make Amazon Your River of Gold
  • Make Money with Radio
  • Success Bound
  • Book Promotion: NOT for Sissies
  • Harvey Mackay Rolodex
  • Top 20 Talk Radio Topics
  • Harrison Bonus
  • Million Dollar Rolodex

    E-mail Lucille at lucil95783 AT aol DOT com to claim your bonuses.
  • Write Any Book in 28 Days... Or Less!
    Write Any Book in 28 Days... Or Less! New course reveals fresh secrets. Click here to learn more.



    The Secret Behind Creativity REVEALED! It's all in the brainwaves. Find out here!

    EasyEbookPro

    ScatterMall.com Books

    Click here to advertise with us for 2 whole months for only $35!





    Home Articles

    Editing Scientific and Technical Papers Written by Non-Native English Speakers

    ESL (English as a second language) writers represent a potentially huge market for English editors.

    In particular, scientists and researchers who come from non-English speaking countries and wish to have their work published in international journals need a lot of help.

    Interested? Flex your writing skills and follow these tips:


    Prefer short words, sentences and paragraphs.

    ESL writers tend to use the exact opposite -- longer words (e.g., utilize instead of use), run-on sentences and paragraphs that extend to the next page. As a result, their works end up barely understandable and rejected by the editors' board of journals. It is up to the editors to remedy this problem by substituting longer words with shorter ones as applicable, revising run-on sentences to make them more concise and breaking up long paragraphs into several shorter ones.


    Prefer the passive voice.

    Using the passive voice allows one to write without using personal pronouns or the names of particular researchers as the subjects of sentences. This helps create the appearance of an objective and fact-based discourse, since writers can present results and conclusions without attributing them to particular agents; thus conveying information that is not limited or biased by individual perspectives or personal interests http://owl.English.purdue.edu.


    Avoid nominalization.

    According to Dr. Juan Jamias (Writing for Development, 1994), research has shown that nominalization poses the greatest barrier to reading speed and comprehension. Therefore, "The reinstatement of the deposed president was the aim of his supporters" should be changed to "Supporters of the deposed president aimed to reinstate him."


    Avoid using too many prepositions.

    If we look at the example above, we can see where the overflow of prepositions may come from; thus serving as one more reason to avoid nominalization.


    Prefer parallel constructions.

    According to Sharon Schuman, assistant professor of literature at the University of Oregon, verbal and structural repetitions make a relatively sophisticated network of ideas easier to follow. This is the great virtue of parallel structure, i.e., it allows a writer to indicate relationships clearly and economically; thus saving words and helping the reader digest complex ideas. The more complex the information, the more useful parallel structures become.


    Use transitions.

    Transitions not only help the reader navigate through the text; they also save the paper from becoming one monotonous text of facts and data because they help tell the reader what such facts and data imply. For example, "In particular" tells the reader that the writer is zeroing in on a specific data among several data presented. "In contrast," "On the other hand" and "On the contrary" tell the reader that the data to be presented differs from the previous ones.

    Aside from these transitional words and phrases, Dr. Jamias suggests other transition devices:

    • repeating keywords or their synonyms from one sentence to another;
    • using a summary or topic sentence;
    • repeating a phrase or a group of words used in the previous sentence;
    • questions and answer;
    • listing or enumerating like points serially;
    • placing subheads and paragraph lead-ins, and;
    • improved punctuation


    Check the jargon used.

    An ESL writer who wanted to discuss the advantages of inbreeding wrote this sentence instead: "There are several advantages of organisms engaging in an incestuous relationship." Moral of the story? Always check if the ESL writer is using the correct jargon. As non-native English speakers, they may have no clue whether or not they are using the correct jargon. In some cases like the example above, the editor may have to determine the correct jargon based on the context.


    Communicate with the ESL writer.

    English editors also have limitations since they lack the necessary technical background. Such limitations may sometimes lead to overediting, i.e., revising the document such that the meaning becomes totally different from what the writer intended, which in turn may bring about serious factual errors. To address this problem, editors should communicate with ESL writers by highlighting portions unclear to them and making appropriate notations to the writer.

    Copyright © 2003 Eve Michaels

    Eve Michaels has been editing scientific and technical papers written by non-native English speakers since 2001.

    The Authentic Self: Journaling Your Joys, Griefs and Everything in Between by Shery Russ



    WEEKLY WRITES: 52 Weeks of Writing Bliss! Kick start your imagination, ignite your creativity, and begin your journey towards becoming an outstanding writer.

    Grab a copy of WEEKLY WRITES: 52 Weeks of Writing Bliss! from Amazon.com and receive 2 free e-books to encourage and nurture the writer in you. You'll also receive Write Memories, a journaling workbook available for free only to WEEKLY WRITES book owners. And finally, as a WEEKLY WRITES book owner, you'll have free access to e-mail courses such as JOYFUL WRITES: Celebrate Your Life through Writing

    For excerpts, reviews and what you need to do to receive the 2 free e-books, Write Memories and sign up for free e-mail courses, just head on to the Weekly Writes Book Official Site. (Clicking on the link will open a new window.)

    FOR JOURNALERS

    The Journaling Life: 21 Types of Journals You Can Create to Express Yourself and Record Pieces of Your Life

    The Authentic Self: Journaling Your Joys, Griefs and Everything in Between

    Journaling Kit - Four Journaling Books to help you put your life and memories on paper

    SEARCH
    Google

    The Web
    This Site

    COURSES FOR WRITERS
    JOYFUL WRITES
    Celebrate Your Life through Writing

    INNER JOURNEY
    Creative Nurturing of the Writer Within

    LIFEWRITES
    6 Approaches to Journaling

    CREATIVITY ALLEY
    21 Ways to Jumpstart Your Muse

    WORDS, SWALLOW ME
    Imagery in Writing

    WRITING CHANNELS

    Children's Writing
    Freelance Writing
    Poetry
    Science Fiction & Fantasy
    Technical Writing

    BOOKS FOR WRITERS

    The Frugal Book Promoter: How to Do What Your Publishers Won't by Carolyn Howard-Johnson

    WEEKLY WRITES: 52 Weeks of Writing Bliss! by Shery Ma Belle Arrieta-Russ




    Home | Articles | Columns | Workshops | E-books | Free Course | Quotes | E-zines | Top Fives | Support Us
    © Copyright 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Shery Ma Belle Arrieta-Russ & The e-Writer's Place.
    Materials appearing in this Web site are owned and copyrighted by their respective authors and/or writers. Please read our Privacy Policy and TOS. No part of this website may be reproduced without consent from its owner. Original site design by Shery Russ. Hosting & maintenance by Hosting4Writers.com.
    WriteSparks! Lite free software for writers
    Our sister sites: WriteSparks.com | WeeklyWrites.com | WritingBliss.com | JournalSparks.com | CreativeWritingPrompts.com | BooksAboutWriting.com | WritersOnThe.net | Hosting4Writers.com | Writers Web Designs | blog.forwriters.org | Aspiring Authors | ScatterMall.com Books | DailyWrites.com | EbookPizzazz.com | EmailWorkshopsHowTo.com | Writing-Portal.com | iMusePub.com | WritersMEMO.com